【Review】| History Witnesses Literature
Time: November 24, Saturday, 15:00-16:30
Venue: Yan Ji You
Theme:History, Culture and the Creative Process
作家：Diana Evans（英国），Wojciech Jagielski（波兰），吴君（中国），谢宏（中国）
Writers: Diana Evans (United Kingdom), Wojciech Jagielski (Poland), Wu Jun (China), Xie Hong (China)
Moderator: Wei Ya (China)
第三届中欧国际文学节深圳站的第六场活动于11月24日下午在言几又书店成功举办。此次活动邀请到四位来自波兰、英国、中国的著名作家讨论历史与文化在他们的世界观中发挥的作用，特别是在写作中。参与本场活动的嘉宾有：波兰Wojciech Jagielski, 专注写的是南高加索、高加索、中亚、非洲等冲突地区；英国知名小说家Diana Evans，她有尼日利亚和英国的双重血统；籍贯河北的作者吴君，作品被译成英语、俄语和少数民族语言，曾从事新闻采编、公文写作等工作；来自广东的小说家、诗人谢宏，作品丰富，他在新西兰生活了数年。主持人是作家卫鸦。
On November 24, the sixth workshop in Shenzhen of the 3rd EU-China International Literary Festival was held successfully in Yan Ji You Bookstore. We invite four prolific and versatile authors from Poland, the UK and China to discuss the role history and culture plays in their world view in general and in their writing in specific. Wojciech Jagielski from Poland has written from conflict zones in the Transcaucasus, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Africa; British novelist Diana Evans is of Nigerian and British origin; Author Wu Jun, originally from Hebei, has had her work translated into English,Russian and minority languages in China; and Xie Hong, from Guangdong, is a widely published novelist and poet who has lived in New Zealand for several years. They are in conversation with the moderator Wei Ya, who is also a writer.
The theme of this event was: History, Culture and the Creative Process. Writer Diana Evans from the UK first talked about it. Evans’s mother is from Nigeria and her father is from the United Kingdom. She believes that the blood origin is a person’s culture background, is a person’s root and real origin. Her own culture background also influenced her writing. History and culture are important, especially so to the United Kingdom. For the reason that this nation has its own history of conquer and thus a variety of identities. Nowadays, live in the UK many people from different origins. They feel the impact of culture. How to find one’s own identity under the culture background remains a vital topic. Evans’s first novel “26a” is a story about twins. This book talked about the Nigerian culture and history as well. During the process of writing, she tried to decode the characters’ identities and date back to their cultural history.
The second speaker was the writer Xie Hong. He has studied in New Zealand, so he has his own understanding of different cultures and history. Referring to a person’s historical background, Xie Hong said: “There used to be a small river in my hometown. The river traverses the village and surrounds the peaks. There is not much entertainment in our generation. So every day I look around the mountains and the water in my hometown, admiring the scenery, villages and farmland. I often imagine the outside world. It inspired me to become a writer. I want to write about different places, different cultures, and also my own personal experiences, my history. My hometown is in Chongyang, so I have Hakka stories in my writing which covered my history, culture, experience and local customs. Tradition is very important for writing. Some people ask me why I write English works, because I want to try to write my hometown in English so that readers can see our history and culture. ” As a writer, he believes, he should focus on his past and his roots. At the same time, he also likes to give himself a lot of challenges, such as writing in English.
In the following part, the moderator Wei Ya talked with Poland writer Wojciech Jagielski and there were splashes of thoughts as well. Wojciech was not only a writer, but also a journalist and correspondent. He has won acclaim for his reports on journeys to the world’s most troubled spots. What was seen in war may now be history, but at the very moment, it was real and bloody. This is what he explains. “I am a reporter, I do war reporting. It is my job to record facts and report news. I need to write articles for the newspaper. But when I get back, I’ll have time to think, and I’ll write from a writer’s perspective. Writing novels is more about seeing what historical stories tell you. It is not enough to simply describe the story. It is more about finding the answer you want from the story, such as the war. What truth and inspiration can you get? ” As a journalist and writer, he wants to know the history of the country, the people. He wants to excavate the culture behind it.
身为作家，其实不需要任何身份。只需要一双善于观察的眼睛和一颗写作的心。深圳作家吴君随后谈及了自己的感想。对于大的历史文化，她不敢妄谈。她更愿意就个人的感受谈谈与自己有关的历史文化，以及这些是如何贯穿创作的。她的作品主要有两个特点： 1.反映深圳小人物生活 2.与这座城市同步。她说：“深圳是中国特殊的存在。每一个移民都是带着自己的个人历史来到深圳的，这汇聚了深圳当下的人文环境和历史背景。如果简单认为深圳只有40年历史的话，这过于简单。”
As a writer, there is no need for any identity. All you need is a pair of observant eyes and a writing heart. Shenzhen writer Wu Jun then spoke about her feelings. She dares not talk about the great history and culture. She prefers to talk about her own history and culture about her personal feelings and how they run through her creation. Her works have two main characteristics: 1. Reflects the Shenzhen “small person”(middle and lower class) life 2. keeps in pace with the city. “Shenzhen is a special existence in China,” she said. “Each one who migrate to Shenzhen brought his own personal history. And this brings together the present cultural environment and historical background of Shenzhen. So from this perspective, saying Shenzhen only has a history of 40 years is a conclusion way too simple. ”
Many of Wu Jun’s works reflect the past life of Shenzhen immigrant workers and even sex workers. In this way, she explored the blending of Shenzhen’s history and culture. During the Q&A session, a reader asked Wu : how do you see the relationship between literature about immigrant workers and nonfiction? Because the former one is generally in the narrative of a person’s own experience. To this, writer Wu Jun replies: “I think both of them are literature. And all literature is more or less fictional. Thus, we do not need to emphasis too much on the types of literature. It should have only one standard, one type, that is, good work. Good works focus on people, humanity and culture. ”
A 90-minute sharing is coming to an end. Here we heard the beautiful symphony of history and culture from many parts of the world. History blends culture and inspires creation. Literature is regional, but also global.